The main taxi aggregators in the United States remain Uber and Lyft. Both companies have already assumed the obligations to translate the operating fleet on the electric shirt by 2030. California’s authorities now require such services so that by this time up to 90% of the miles passed by 2030 overcame using electric vehicles.
The profile committee issued an appropriate decree, for the first time for American states, determining the transfer periods of this type of transport to the electric shirt. By 2023, the proportion of mileage using electric vehicles should reach 2%, by 2027 it will increase to 50%, and by 2030 it will grow up to 90%. The company Uber and Lyft in response to such requirements stated that even though they would support drivers financially on electric vehicles, could not guarantee that the migration rates required by the authorities would be complied with the development of the charging infrastructure and the cost of electric vehicles. For low-income drivers, the transition to an electric car can remain difficult for a long time, although both companies are willing to provide electric vehicles. They are counting on additional state assistance in this matter.
Uber is going until 2025 to spend $ 800 million to electrify the park operated by drivers worldwide. Support will be expressed in the reduction of commission in the event of a driver transition to an electric vehicle with a machine equipped with an internal combustion engine. Representatives of the American Sectoral Association said that such requirements should be distributed to classical taxi, as well as other public transport. This would contribute to a more harmonious development of the market and the concomitant infrastructure.
California’s authorities have established demands on the pace of reduction of carbon dioxide emissions by fleet of Uber and Lyft services. Since the commercial sector exploits cars intensively, its emissions are approximately one and a half times higher than that of private electric vehicles, whose owners do not work out with the remuneration. By 2023, companies should reduce CO2 emissions to 252 g per mile passed, and by 2029 – up to 30 g per mile passed. In 2018, the magnitude of these emissions on average in California was 200 g per mile for private transport and 300 g per mile for machines used by Uber and Lyft.