2021-06-23

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Presented the most recent and detailed panorama of the center of the Milky Way and the surrounding area

2 min read

Combining about 370 shots of the center of the Milky Way and the surroundings above and below the plane of the disk of our galaxy made by the Space X-ray telescope NASA “Chandra” with the observation data of the terrestrial radio telescope Meerkat in South Africa allowed us to create a new and unprecedented panorama of the center of our galaxy. This showed a complete picture of the interaction of magnetic fields in the center of the Galaxy and their influence on the interstellar gas.

Click to enlarge. Image source: NASA / CXC / UMASS / Q.D. Wang; Radio: NRF / Sarao / Meerkat

In the image of orange, green and purple, data from the X-ray telescope is shown, and gray data from the radio telescope. Below in the picture you can see a clearer separation of data from X-rays (purple) and data from a radio telescope (blue color).

Нажмите для увеличения. Источник изображения: NASA/CXC/UMass/Q.D. Wang; Radio: NRF/SARAO/MeerKAT

Click to enlarge. Image source: NASA / CXC / UMASS / Q.D. Wang; Radio: NRF / Sarao / Meerkat

On both pictures clearly seen the threads of overheated gas in length in dozens of light years, which were formed in the process of mutual influence of strong magnetic fields in the center of our galaxy when they are simultaneously influenced by inter-storage gas.

Нажмите для увеличения. Источник изображения: NASA/CXC/UMass/Q.D. Wang; Radio: NRF/SARAO/MeerKAT

Image source: NASA / CXC / UMASS / Q.D. Wang; Radio: NRF / Sarao / Meerkat

Interestingly, these threads threw away far beyond the plane of the Milky Way, which indicates exclusively high-energy processes in the center of the Galaxy. Previously, these formations were not available for observation, but new data discover the ability to trace these objects and enter them into the overall picture of the processes in the Universe.

Similar processes in the form of the so-called magnetic reconnection (re-browsing magnetic lines) occur in the sun, during which high-energy particles are scattered over the solar system and form what we call space weather.

In the case of processes in the center of the Galaxy, it can be about the weather in a separate corner of the universe, so large-scale these phenomena. Also, such processes lead to the wrenches of the medium and seem to create conditions for the origin of new stars. But with all this still remains in detail.

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